Music Teaching Methods

25 Jun

 Music plays a significant role in every person’s life. Through music, one can express his or her deepest emotions and feelings, communicating things that only the soul can comprehend. Today, music encompasses a wide variety of genres and continues to grow and influence people around the world. From the classical genre, to rock, pop, country and many others, music has evolved into many things.

The role that music plays in our daily lives has deep roots in the history of humankind. It is for this reason that music and history have been integrated and taught from preschool until postsecondary. Music is a fundamental component of human culture and behavior.

Today’s music education incorporates the application of both Western and non-Western music. Studying the diverse music scene worldwide promotes a well-rounded musical experience.  Music training encompasses several domains of learning, such as the psychomotor domain, the cognitive domain and the affective domain where appreciation for music and sensitivity are involved.

Music education includes playing various musical instruments, singing in small choirs, and learning about the fundamental elements of music and its history. A music teacher’s challenge is the types of approach to use over a diverse group of music students eager to learn music. By using the right type of music teaching methods, a music teacher can teach students effectively and successfully, no matter their personalities, preferences and abilities.

·         Dalcroze Method

The Dalcroze Method is divided into three fundamental concepts: the use of solfège, improvisation and eurhythmics. For this reason, this music teaching method is also called rhythmic gymnastics. It teaches rhythm, structure and musical expression through using movement. The method allows a student to gain physical awareness while letting him or her experience music through kinesthetic methods.

·         Kodaly Method

The Kodaly method is named after a prominent Hungarian music director and composer, Zoltán Kodály. He stressed the benefits of physical instruction and response t music. His teachings incorporate fun and educational framework. It is based n the basic music theory and music notation in various verbal and written forms. The solfège hand signs, music shorthand notation and rhythm solmization are trademarks of Kodaly’s method.

·         Orff Schulwerk Method

The Orff Schulwerk Method was named after Carl Orff, an outstanding German composer. The Orff Schulwerk music teaching method is an approach to music education where a student’s innate abilities engage in rudimentary forms of music by utilizing basic rhythms and melodies. The Orff approach encourages students to improvise while it discourages adult pressure and mechanical drill. Thus, this method furthers self-discovery in students. Carl Orff developed several instruments and modified the glockenspiel, xylophone, drum and metallophone to accommodate the requirements of the Schulwerk courses.

·         Suzuki Method

Shinichi Suzuki developed the Suzuki Method in Japan after the Second World War. The Suzuki Method uses music education as an enriching tool to better the lives of its students. By learning certain character traits and virtues, students learn music just like learning his or her native language. It creates an ideal environment where a student learns through rote training, repetition and timetable-table within a positive environment.

With the above-mentioned music teaching methods, music teachers are able to teach music students music in effective ways.

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